Synthesising petroleum chemicals led to the emergence of plastics. An advance that has flooded our lives and, therefore, those of the planet. Plastics are used in almost everything, it has practically flooded the main sectors of the world economy. From packaging, through construction, transportation, medicine, electronics, agriculture, plastic has become the fundamental raw material for the manufacture of goods of diverse nature and complexity.
It was a great technological advance, being a cheap material and with a long useful life that allowed to reduce the costs of manufacture it has popularized its use immensely. However, the consequences of this material and its indiscriminate use, but especially its degradation and the misuse that humans are making of it by discarding it, is having serious consequences for the environment, the survival of species and it remains to be seen what the consequences will be for the health of human beings themselves.